The research study employed a quantitative research design and the data were collected from the students of a state school in the winter term of 2015-2016 education year the data were gathered by. Herman philipse2 aviezer tucker has argued that the professional study of history would benefit from a bayesian approach 3 richard carrier has recently argued for the general use of bayes’ theorem, and. Economics and history both strive to understand causation: economics using instrumental variables econometrics and history by weighing the plausibility of alternative narratives instrumental variables can lose value with repeated use because of an econometric tragedy of the commons bias: each.
Case study research has a long history within the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities, dating back to the early 1920’s encyclopedia of case study research thousand oaks, ca: sage publications, inc doi: 104135/9781412957397 durepos has recently been engaged in the crafting of an alternative approach to historiography. A systematic approach to study electoral fraudq lucas leemanna,,1, daniel bochslerb,1 ond literature investigates the plausibility of electoral re-sults from wards, and is based on circumstantial the alternative proposition by the referendum com-mittee (“people’s amendment”), and the status quo. In the absence of a specific therapeutic intervention, observations of congruent evolution over time between the severity of the symptom and the severity of the pathophysiological mechanism (criterion 5b: ‘congruent natural history’) is a potential alternative approach. 3 robert s michael internal & external validity-5 variables & internal validity extraneous variables are variables that may compete with the independent variable in explaining the outcome of a study a confounding variable is an extraneous variable that does indeed influence the dependent variable a confounding variable systematically varies or.
Scientific plausibility permeates discussions and debates about research on complementary, alternative, or integrative health approaches this is no surprise many interventions that fall under this rubric are ensconced in belief systems about illness and health—some ancient and some modern—that lack foundations in modern science. Opinion open access a perspective on sids pathogenesis the hypotheses: plausibility and evidence paul n goldwater1,2 abstract several theories of. Lations of interbreeding organisms to study gene flow, genetic drift, system of mating, mutation, and natural strate the plausibility of this approach by checking for concordance with prior knowledge on a worked exam- set of alternative networks is not necessarily just a set of.
Researchers reported an association between vasectomy and primary progressive aphasia (ppa—a rare variety of frontotemporal dementia) in a 2006 manuscript in cognitive behavioral neurology detailing a case–control study that compared 47 men with the disease to 57 controls 1. The plausibility estimate measured the probability that the hypothesis set considered for the data trial n-1 could have pro- duced all of the data known on trial n results and discussion one of the primary questions this experiment addresses is the assump- tion of the hypothesis generation model that new hypotheses are gener- ated when the. The alternative approach is that while processes of social change may be broadly similar across countries, very different combinations and even types of variables may have provided solutions to similar problems in different countries. What the counterfactuals due in this case that are seemingly different from other cases is based in the law of physics within this condition while the plausibility of the counterfactual is controlled by changing history, it is also controlled by the plausibility of mechanics, which gain their plausibility from facts.
Alternative medicine as a doctor, chan notes the increasing openness to alternative medicine in our day and a growing distrust of naturalism or hard science this fits with his observation that society is now more trusting of a person with a positive experience (with, for example, essential oils or acupuncture) over raw data. Historical plausibility: the historicity of the book of abraham as a case study john gee and stephen d ricks john gee was an assistant research professor of egyptology, and stephen d ricks was a professor of hebrew at brigham young university when this was published. Conceptual or theoretical framework-for example in a study investigating the effect of a psychoeducational telephone counseling intervention on the quality of life (qol) for breast cancer survivors, qol was the conceptual framework used ot guide the identification and development of the study. Individual differences in syntactic ambiguity resolution: readers vary in their use of plausibility information the use of plausibility information about alternative interpretations we conducted a similar set of analyses to examine readers’ use of plausibility information in this study. Therefore, the primary interest of the john, jesus, and history project is to assess critically aspects of the fourth gospel's historicity, ascertaining also degrees of plausibility regarding particular judgments, seeking to discern what light it might cast upon the quest for jesus.
Search the history of over 339 billion web pages on the internet search search the wayback machine featured texts all texts latest this just in smithsonian libraries fedlink (us) genealogy lincoln collection additional collections books to borrow top american full text of research methodology. By entertaining alternative historical possibilities, this alternative history within an alternative history demonstrates that accepting the plausibility of other pasts is, by extension, epistemologically tantamount to accepting several other future possibilities. Epistemology is the study of knowledge and justified belief belief is thus central to epistemology after a brief summary of this alternative, plausibility theory in philosophy of probability topics in decision theory, misc in philosophy of action remove from this list direct download. Like other forms of speculative fiction, alternate history varies in its inherent hardness with ah fandom generally grading it by how plausible the ah is based on historical realism and verisimilitude at the hard end of plausibility are well-researched pieces that take into account.
Next, i discuss four alternative conjectures that purport to explain much the same phenomena and demonstrate that the brainwashing conjecture holds its own with any of them in the final section of this paper, i speculate about ways of going beyond mere conjectural plausibility to the. Moral psychology investigates human functioning in moral contexts, and asks how these results may impact debate in ethical theory this work is necessarily interdisciplinary, drawing on both the empirical resources of the human sciences and the conceptual resources of philosophical ethics. Standards for establishing plausibility in impact assessment plausibility, drawing on the iita study for illustration 1 the source of the impact being investigated (what's or whose impact is the focus of it might be stipulated to be a particular program approach or a certain agency by naming the source of the impact being.